In our study we analyse the agriculture of Harghita county, i.e. a mountain area of Romania. Upon reviewing the literature regarding agricultural changes after the regime change, we shall present a typology of current agricultural actors developed with quantitative methods. Then, we shall argue that since the accession to the European Union we can witness a polarisation of farms in the mountain areas dominated by family farms. We will present that besides families decreasing or completely giving up their farming activities, some farms have increased, but this is a very specific situation and it heavily depends on agricultural subventions. While their entrepreneurial character increases, farms preserve their partly self-sufficient character and pluriactivity.

Keywords: farm types, economic strategies, the agriculture of Romania, agricultural enterprise, peasant farming, polarisation of the agricultural sector

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