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Carrying on the line of thoughts of his earlier publications in Erdélyi Társadalom, the author focuses on the long-term transformation of Western masculinities. Based on the rationality concept, it is argued that, contrary to the Middle Ages in which the three main orders (clerics, knights, peasants) are structured on the basis of their functions, between 1300–1600 a stratified society, built on statuses, develops in urban centres. Two newly emerged forms of Renaissance masculinity are identified: the courtier and the humanist intellectual. The former, representing the hegemonic masculine model, is engaged in symbolic struggles for statuses and prestige within court societies. The latter, disseminating these hegemonic patterns, is involved in creating symbolic representations (arts) and in explaining natural phenomena (sciences). The elites are concentrated in royal courts and administrative centres. During this period, social fields (in the Bourdieuian sense) emerge in which positions are constructed on the basis of the institutionalization of specific rational knowledge.

Keywords: Renaissance, city, courtier, humanist intellectual, social field, hegemonic masculinity

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The aim of the present paper is to provide a summary of a qualitative research completed from 2015–2016. The study analyses interviews with twenty Roma, Gypsy adults from the Southern Transdanubia region of Hungary who lived in segregated neighbourhoods or settlements. Despite sociocultural disadvantages, all participants have completed secondary or higher education studies and attend the same career orientation program between 1994 and 1999. Most interviewees are between the age of 35–45, come from Boyash (‘beás’) families and have either Boyash or Romungro parents, although in in some cases Olah backgrounds. The aim of this study is to contribute to research regarding the mobility and education of Roma population in Hungary and what factors support or hinder their employability and/or marketability.

Keywords: Gypsy/Roma adults, education and mobility, qualitative research, narrative interviews

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The study reports on the burden of family members who are taking care of demented persons, which was carried out in 11 counties of Transylvania between 2015 and 2017 with 100 families who are looking after a person with dementia. Sampling was carried out in an empirical study with 50 families in their own home and 50 families who have chosen institutional care, but not more than one year before the interview. In the research, we sought answers to what kind of coping stages the families are going through in the care of demented persons while facing a series of losses? What strategy do they use during the caring process? How do they live the change of the personality of a loved one? How do caring roles change? Where is the critical point in the burden when the family chooses the institutional care? In addition to the quantitative analysis, we also focused on exploring the subjectively experienced burdens of caring with a deeper focus group investigation.

Keywords: caregiver family, dementia, role sharing – role conflict, supportive background

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Background: A new law (15/2016) that bans smoking in all enclosed public spaces was implemented in Romania in March 2016. The examination of the effects of the law is part of a five-years international research program on teenagers’ smoking habits.

Main objective: The purpose of this study was to assess teenagers’ perceptions on the law, their information regarded the new restrictions, how it affected their smoking behaviour, as well as how families and schools reacted to the implementation of the law.

Methods: Our cross-sectional study used a self-administered questionnaire completed by 7th grade students from three Transylvanian counties. The random stratified sample involved 695 students from 21 localities. The stratification variables were the size of the localities and the language of the education. The questionnaires were completed anonimously, with the consent of the parents in June 2016.

Results: Most of the respondents had heard about the new law, and agreed with the bans on smoking in closed places. Positive parental attitudes towards the law were associated with greater receptivity of the law among adolescents. Smoking students were more likely than non-smoking students to have a negative attitude towards the new law and were more likely to perceive that the law increased secretive smoking among adolescents.

Conclusion: We have found three factors (parental model, own smoking habits, peers’ smoking habits) based on the perceptions of the teenagers’ which have effect on the attitude toward the new law. Multigenerational community prevention is an important element in adolescent smoking prevention, under which we need to strengthen the antismoking communication, and to show positive models in smoking-free behavior.

Keywords: smoking, prevention, anti-smoking law, parental models, community prevention

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Community wall painting (mural moral method) is a lesser-known method of the art therapy devices. While studying it, we have tried to map the inherent expressive and community-shaping possibilities: approaching generations; manifesting the hidden creativity of children with disability; projecting the dreams of a teenage group living in children's homes onto an external surface; accounting the presents of last year during a Christmas children's activity; appeal for volunteering on the streets of a rushing city. The mobilizing and community-shaping force of community activities has been a vivid and convincing experience in our every effort so far, at the same time, we discovered the new possibilities and challenges of the preventive and community-shaping social work in this project.

Keywords: murar moral, community art, dreams, new method

Full text (in Hungarian)


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