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The digital world of youth is very discussed subject, together with the opportunities and risks brought by internet using. The present study analyses the encounter of kids with ages between 9-16 with harmful content and the manner they are affected by it. Is it bothering for them? How they react? How they cope with negative experiences? How resilient are our youngsters? Our study is part of the international research EU Kids Online (www.eukidsonline.com) developed in 25 European countries and we are presenting in this paper the Romanian kids perspective regarding the topic of risk and harm via cyberspace. The obtained results are similar to the general experiences of the other countries involved in the research, emphasizing that the encounter with online risks doesn't produce negative outcomes in each situation. At the same time, comparing the Romanian results with the European average, our children can be considered less resilient almost with 10 % to the online harmful content (65 % of the Romanian teenagers with ages between 11-16 in context of 76% European average and 54% of the Romanian children with ages between 9-10 in context of 61% European average).

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The Romanian regime change of 1989 produced not only political and economic transformations, but also a thorough change in the way of life and attitude to life. The transitional period induced for the bulk of population the collapse of the habitual, safe but scarce living conditions, drifting people towards poverty and deprivation. The changes were felt not only on macro level, but also on micro level, causing troubles for families. The changes in the life of families had a significant impact on children, with regard to their position in the family and society. The general aim of the paper is to present the problems of children in the transitional period in Romania. The specific purpose is to analyze the following issues: the state of health of children, the spread of children's drug consumption, the educational level of children, the juvenile delinquency and violence against children.

Full text (in Hungarian)

The paper tries to reflect on the topic's actuality, to underline the background aspects of the children's social integrational difficulties and to raise arguments in favour of the need of the community prevention. Our starting point is that the upgrowing generation should be made able to carry a healthy way of life, to preserve their mental and physical health and to be able to develop their persoanlities. The situation is quite ready now for a shift of paradygmas and approaches in the field of prevention. From methodological point of view, the study was realised with the technique of quick analysis. In the analyzing part we took the steps of the PRECEDE modell, and all the steps have been matched with research datas. Our intention was to show, which needs the given community have been wounded, and what kind of activities could be planned in order to cure these wounds and defects. We would also like to demonstrate the results that can be expected when applying planned community prevention.

Full text (in Hungarian)

The study draws attention that minor patients require a special attention and support, hence protecting their rights is an actual issue. In the literature it has been recognized that human rights are a very important factor in children's treatment. This rights-based approach conferes children legal personality, which has implications for health-services and health policy. Chlidren patient's rights are a result of patient rights in addition of children's rights, emerging from general human rights. Self-determination or authonomy is in the centre of these rights, however statutory regulations are deficient and not always clear. It is questionnable that medical decision-making exercised by the child should have any restrictions. There are two theories, the one sustains full authonomy, the other consideres as acceptable limited self-determination. The author adopted the latter, that the child's autonomy is not an absolute right. This article is based on a quantitative research which demonstrates the above pronounced conslusion.

Full text (in Hungarian)

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