The analysis on youth migration was developed in the framework of “YOUMIG – Improving institutional capacities and fostering cooperation to tackle the impacts of transnational youth migration” project. The present paper offers a picture about the “typical” biographies of young migrants.

In the municipality of Sfântu Gheorghe emigration is the most important migratory trend. Among emigrants one can identify short term migrants – this type is distinctive of Roma migrants, too; long term migrants, most of them aiming to earn a living through their labour migration; while a smaller group studies and works abroad at the same time. There are also return migrants but it is hard to estimate their proportions.

During our research both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The present paper is based on interviews conducted with young migrants.

The present study starts with a short summary of the theoretical approaches applied during the analysis, followed by the methodology and a detailed characterization of the interviewees. The chapter presenting the local context concentrates on the demographic and economic indicators of the place of the fieldwork, then a short analysis is provided about the push and pull factors of the town based on the interviews. In order to achieve a detailed analysis three biographies were selected. Firstly, the milestones of their lives will be compared, followed by the analysis of their identitites and of their feelings toward the sending and emigrant (diaspora) communities. Secondly, their migration types and narrative strategies will be identified. Finally, the conclusions will highlight the similarities and differences revealed in the selected biographies.

Keywords: migration, youth, biographies, narratives

Full text (in Hungarian)

The present study, which focuses on conflict analysis and management, examines the causes and types of major conflicts in social service organizations through semi-structured interviews. Through in-depth interviews with ten employees at a Romanian nonprofit organization’s headquarters and by consulting on studies of key challenges of Romanian NGOs, I sought to find answers to how workplace conflicts affect nonprofits, how employees handle disagreements, and what types of conflicts are most common among employees of civil society organizations. In-depth interviews were conducted with four executives, two coordinators, and four members of the executive teams within the organization. Based on these interviews, it was revealed that the roots of the conflicts lie in the overload of bureaucratic tasks in the human resource department, the lack of motivation in the workplace and the lack of transparency of institutional decisions. These problems are most likely caused by the lack of resources in non-profit organizations in Romania. At the same time, despite the uncertainty, financial burden and bureaucracy related to the implementation of funding projects, the activities affecting the target groups are successful and based on the feedback of the employees, the reactions of the target groups are a great motivating force.

Keywords: conflict, human resources, decision-making, performance, consequences, employee perspective

Full text (in Hungarian)

In recent decades, innovation research has played an important role in exploring the drivers of local and regional economic development. Nowadays, it is part of the generally accepted scientific canon that various forms of innovation (technological, business and social innovation) play a defining role in the economic development and competitiveness of cities, regions and countries. The context above points out that innovation is an important factor in the spatiality of society, but at the same time geography, more precisely geographical distance or proximity, is a determining element of innovation. In the present study, we provide an overview of the latest theoretical and empirical research developments in the “geography of innovation”, more precisely in the “geography of social innovation”, with application in Hungary.

Keywords: social innovation, social innovation geography, regional development, geographical proximity

Full text (in Hungarian)

Mynard Keynes’s The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money published in 1936, highlighted that the deep, global financial and economic crises have a profound effect on economic thinking and the economic policy-makers. The sage learns from this, and the fool recovers back to his previous flawed theories and practices.

Today, it is also clear that the shocks that trigger these crises are living with us, breaking the growth trends of the economy from time to time, which raises again and again the question, what economics and economic policy practitioners have learned, and can learn from it, or the short-term economic policy interest overcomes the adjustments after the corrections?

In his study, the author checks the effects of the recent global exogenous crisis caused by the pandemic and the desirable correction methods, without which the consequences of the current crisis may be protracted.

Keywords: crisis, economic thinking, economic policy, pandemic, sustainability

Full text (in Hungarian)

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