Based on a research of 128 high school students, the study is dealing with the reproduction of socio-economical differences. It highlights the role of attitudes toward school and learning, the role of learning motivation in this reproduction process. The analysis is based on a survey, which collected data on socio-economic background, learning motivation, learning strategies and the frequency of the flow-experience during learning. The results show significant differences in motivation patterns and learning strategies between different social
groups, a significant correlation between the different factors of learning motivation and the development level of learning strategies and the used learning strategies affects the frequency of the positive flow-experiences during learning.

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Based on survey research, our study examines the religiosity of the Hungarian minority from Romania. After a short summary of sociological theories related to religious change, the religiosity of Hungarians from Transylvania, Romanians and Hungarians from Hungary are compared. In our analysis, we determine that in its public-community dimension the religiosity of Hungarians from Transylvania is higher than that of both Romanians and Hungarians from Hungary. On the other hand, the degree of acceptance of certain religious beliefs
is lower than among Romanians. The generally high degree of religiosity of Hungarians from Transylvania is explained by the characteristics of their minority situation.

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The article aims to contribute to the growing literature of ethnic consumption in Romania. Based on empirical researches we study the characteristics and possible explanations of the ethnocentric behavior in consumption among ethnic Hungarians from Romania. Both the results of a representative survey among Hungarians from Transilvania, and of an online survey among Hungarian students from Cluj Napoca show that the ethnocentric behavior in economic transactions, including consumption, is an existing phenomenon in the ethnic Hungarian community from Romania. The main conclusion of the article is that the issue can be approached from more theoretical perspectives: both the structural approach of the new economic sociology and the socio-economics` perspective focusing on the rational choices of the individual are useful in describing and explaining ethnocentric behavior in consumption.

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This paper analysis the representations of Hungarians from Transylvania about national belonging, group limits, the concept of homeland, prejudice, ethnocentrism and the way they perceive emotional attitudes, by means of a quantitative method. During the analysis of focus groups, we were looking for answers to three questions. The first one concerned the national limits they indicated and their interpretation of national belonging. The second one concerned they way they define their homeland and the interpretations they relate to it. The third one explored the way they relate to Hungary. Based on the answers, we differentiate between two very strong national discourses related to the perception of Hungarians from Transylvania about nation and national belonging: the essentialist-radical and the quasiprimordialist,
moderate discourse, which may mix to a certain degree in everyday life.

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The paper presents three case studies conducted in Hungarian towns by the Romanian-Hungarian border: Makó, Gyula and Létavértes. Focusing on the situation of the Romanian workers in the selected settlements, it analyzes how the border and the neighboring regions appear in the every-day life and mid-term plans of these towns. Several researches proved (Németh et al 2009, Pulay 2009) that most of the Romanian immigrants work in the Central-Hungarian Region, and not in the bordering regions, where the flow of workers is sometimes opposite; as also these case studies show. There are four type of cross-border relationships among the settlements and the neighboring country, according to the case studies: (1) informal relationships; (2) formal relationships of the city councils; (3) spontaneous economic relationship; (4) cross-border economic clusters; as the paper presents whilst the first two can be found at each town, the latter two is still
not built out. The settlements of the region along the border did not gain a bridging role between the two states neither for the local (employees or employers) nor for the non-local actors.

Full text (in Hungarian)

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